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The Laudable Lafayette When The Frenchman Who Helped Our Freedom Fight Returned In 1824, The Whole Town Paid Tribute. You'd Have To See It To Believe It . . . And A New Exhibit Lets You Do Both.
By Leonard W.
"There was nothing like it before and there may well have been nothing like it since, except for the incredible acclaim the astronauts received when they returned from the moon 20 years ago," said Marc H. Miller, who organized the exhibit, "Lafayette: Hero of Two Worlds." It opens Thursday at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1300 Locust St.
Philadelphia's welcome was one of the most enthusiastic and probably the most elaborate during the journey that took Lafayette to places as far flung as Portland, Maine; Savannah, Ga.; New Orleans, and St. Louis.
More than 20,000 Philadelphians carrying banners and propelling floats marched in a parade when Lafayette made his triumphal entry to the city Sept. 28, 1824. Architect William Strickland designed 13 triumphal arches that were placed at strategic locations about the city the most elaborate, the nearly 35 foot high Grand Civic Arch. Topped with two wooden statues of Justice and Wisdom by sculptor William Rush, and a painting of the city's coat of arms by Thomas Sully, it framed Chestnut Street in front of Independence Hall.
Artists painted portraits Comprar Gh Jintropin of the American Revolutionary war hero one of Sully's hangs today in the portrait gallery of the Second Bank of the United States, part of Independence National Historical Park. Poets and composers wrote odes and songs in Lafayette's honor.
All kinds of souvenirs were produced and hawked in the streets. Homeowners along the procession line rented seats to spectators for 25 cents to 50 cents each Philadelphians, like Americans elsewhere, were not above making a buck on the hero's return.
The exhibit Testosterone Undecanoate Buy Uk puts on display about 150 items associated with Lafayette's life (1757 1834) and many Günstig Kamagra Oral Jelly Kaufen that came from that triumphal tour.
There are portraits and busts done by Sully, Horatio Greenough, Pierre Jean David D'Angers, Ary Scheffer, Charles Willson Peale and others. There are lithographs, engravings, fans, medallions, buttons, handkerchiefs and kid gloves with Lafayette's portrait. There are ceramics, dollar bills with Lafayette's portrait, broadsides, invitations, menus of feasts where Lafayette was the honored guest, muskets, swords and a framed fragment of the Grand Civic Arch in Philadelphia.
Accompanying the exhibit is a 203 page catalogue with essays by Miller and two other Lafayette experts, Stanley J. Idzerda, editor of the five volume edition of Lafayette papers, and Anne C. Loveland, professor of history at Louisiana State University.
One item that Miller particularly prizes is a five inch long heavy iron key to the Bastille and a letter that Lafayette, named head of the Garde Nationale in 1789, sent to George Washington, by way of Tom Paine:
"Give me leave, My dear General, to Present You With a Picture of the Bastille, Just as it looked a few days after I Had ordered its Demoliton, with the Main kea of that fortress of despotism. It is a tribute which I owe as a son to my adoptive father, as an aid de camp to my General, as Missionary of Liberty to its Patriarch. . . . "
The original key "buy cheap jintropin online" is at Mount Vernon, and the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association turned down Miller's request to borrow it for the exhibition.
Indeed, Lafayette College in Easton, Pa., a cornucopia of Lafayette art and artifacts, had and was happy to lend a Bastille key, as well as the original Lafayette letter to Washington.
(President Bush had more clout than Miller. The Mount Vernon Ladies' Association relinquished its Bastille key to the President when he went to Paris on July 14 (Bastille Day) for a conference of national leaders and the opening of the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution. But, Miller observed with a smile, Bush "had to content himself with a photocopy of this letter.")
The exhibit displays for the first time in the United States a painting, by the Dutch artist Ary Scheffer, of Lafayette on His Deathbed. The painting is owned by a small, rather obscure museum in Chauny, France the Musee National de Blerancourt. It, too, turned Miller down on his first try. Miller went to the French cultural service in New York, which, he said, "persuaded them that this would be a major showcase for the Buy T3 Thyroid piece."
RIGHTS OF MAN DRAFT
Another valuable document "buy cheap jintropin online" on exhibition is a draft of the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man in Lafayette's hand, with marginal notes by Thomas Jefferson, then American ambassador to France. All his life Lafayette was proud of having written the first and most influential draft of the Declaration, which begins: "Men are "Buy Cheap Jintropin Online" born and remain free and equal in
rights. . . . "
Lent by the Library of Congress, this is the key document linking the French and American revolutions, said Idzerda by phone from his home in St. Joseph, Minn., where he is professor of history at the College of St. Benedict. He said the first time he held it in his hands "my skin prickled I felt like an archaeologist coming across the Holy Grail."
To 19th century Americans, Lafayette ranked second only to Washington as a revered and honored figure, Idzerda said, noting that about 120 cities, counties, towns and other places are named after Lafayette or his estate near Paris, La Grange.
The wealthy marquis was only 19 when, in 1777, he left France to join the American colonists in their revolt against England. Promptly commissioned a major general, he served with Washington, and developed a father son relationship with the American commander in chief. He fought at Brandywine (where he took a bullet) and Barrenhill, now the Philadelphia suburb of Lafayette Hills, Yorktown and elsewhere. He spent much of his fortune for the colonists' cause and, back in France, lost the rest to the Terror, even though he had demonstrated in word and deed his commitment to the principles of the French revolution. Attacked as a royalist, he fled France, only to be captured by the Austrians and imprisoned for five years as a revolutionary.
NO TO NAPOLEON
Freed by Napoleon, he rejected Napoleon's blandishments, refusing to serve under the dictator. "To an absolute Government I could not be a friend," he wrote to his friend President Thomas Jefferson. In 1830, 73 years old, Lafayette played a leading role in the July Revolution in France.
"It's hard to find a personality who was so idealistic and consistent," said Miller. "He believed in the principles of democracy, in freely elected government and basic human rights . . . and he fought for them consistently all his life. He suffered for his beliefs, but he never compromised, he never deviated."
Invited to the United States by President Monroe, Lafayette had intended to stay only about four months, said Miller, who wrote his doctoral dissertation on Lafayette's farewell tour. Lafayette didn't expect such an outpouring of adulation but, Miller noted, he was not displeased with it he had, as Madison had observed to Jefferson 40 years before, "a strong thirst of praise and popularity."
Aside from the portraits, busts, geegaws and mostly forgettable music and odes composed for the occasion, Lafayette's tour inspired a wave Primobolan For Sale Uk of monument building. It also served as an occasion to restore Independence Hall, largely disused over the previous 25 years. That, said Miller, was one of its most important aspects.